High Fat Intake Linked to Risk for MS Relapse in Kids — Physician’s First Watch
High Fat Intake Linked to Risk for MS Relapse in Kids
By Kelly Young
High fat intake is associated with increased risk for multiple sclerosis relapse in children, while high vegetable intake might be protective, according to an observational study in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.
Over 200 children with early pediatric multiple sclerosis answered questions about their dietary habits at baseline. During roughly 2 years' follow-up, 43% experienced a relapse.
After adjusting for vitamin D serum levels, overall energy intake, and other potential confounders, every 10% increase in energy intake from fat increased the relapse risk by 58%. The association appears to be driven by saturated fat. For each additional cup of vegetables consumed, the relapse risk was reduced by 47%.
An editorialist notes that the nutritional questionnaire did not include enough detail to allow the researchers to analyze the various types of dietary fats that may be relevant to MS, nor did it assess intake beyond baseline.