Recovery from Sports Concussion Longer for Adolescent Girl Athletes Than Boys — Physician’s First Watch

October 3, 2017

Recovery from Sports Concussion Longer for Adolescent Girl Athletes Than Boys

By Kelly Young

Edited by David G. Fairchild, MD, MPH, and Jaye Elizabeth Hefner, MD

Adolescent girls take longer than boys to recover from their first sports-related concussion, according to a study in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

Researchers examined the medical records of 200 middle school and high school athletes presenting to a sports clinic with their first sports-related concussion. The time to symptom recovery was significantly longer for girls than boys (median 28 vs. 11 days).

The authors say that several factors could be at play. For example, boys' larger neck mass could protect them, while girls may have a faster basal rate of glucose metabolism and greater glucose demands after concussion, which could prolong recovery time.

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