Skipping Breakfast Tied to Subclinical Atherosclerosis — Physician’s First Watch
Skipping Breakfast Tied to Subclinical Atherosclerosis
By Amy Orciari Herman
Adults who regularly skip breakfast are more likely to have subclinical atherosclerosis, according to a cross-sectional study in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Over 4000 asymptomatic, middle-aged Spanish adults without a history of cardiovascular disease completed dietary questionnaires and underwent atherosclerotic plaque assessment via ultrasound. Some 3% were considered breakfast skippers (<5% of daily calories at breakfast), 28% were high-energy-breakfast consumers (>20% of daily calories), and the rest fell in between.
After adjustment for confounders such as age, waist circumference, diabetes, and smoking, breakfast skippers were significantly more likely than high-energy consumers to have plaque in the abdominal aorta (odds ratio, 1.79), carotid artery (OR, 1.76), and iliofemoral artery (OR, 1.72).
The researchers hypothesize that skipping breakfast "might serve as a marker for a general unhealthy diet or lifestyle, which in turn is associated with the development and progression of atherosclerosis."