HIV Detected in "Mississippi Baby" — Physician’s First Watch

Medical News |
July 11, 2014

HIV Detected in "Mississippi Baby"

By Kelly Young

Edited by André Sofair, MD, MPH, and William E. Chavey, MD, MS

The so-called "Mississippi baby" — an infant who was born with HIV but was in prolonged remission — now has detectable levels of the virus, federal health officials announced Thursday.

The girl, who is now almost 4, was born prematurely to a mother who was HIV positive. At birth, the girl tested positive for HIV and was started on antiretrovirals within 30 hours, but was then lost to follow-up and discontinued treatment at age 18 months. Five months later, she had undetectable levels of HIV. For more than 2 years, she did not take antiretrovirals, but since HIV was detected in her blood (16,750 copies/mL), she has restarted treatment.

"Certainly, this is a disappointing turn of events for this young child, the medical staff involved in the child's care, and the HIV/AIDS research community," Anthony S. Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said in a news release. "Scientifically, this development reminds us that we still have much more to learn about the intricacies of HIV infection and where the virus hides in the body."

Reader Comments (2)


The results are disappointing but one should appreciate the good scientific follow up and updation. More to be learnt about HIV.

John O'Brien Other Healthcare Professional, Family Medicine/General Practice

I am aware of an individual known by me personally for 19 years who is now HIV positive x 27+ years, 25 of which he was on NO HIV meds. He is extremely knowledgeable about HIV, has seen internationally recognized HIv experts, and reports that not once has anyone inquired about investigating why he managed to remain disease-free but HIV + for so long. IMHO this is an indictment of the medical paradigm around this issue.

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