Mediterranean Diet Protects Against Diabetes, Regardless of Weight Loss — Physician’s First Watch

Medical News |
January 7, 2014

Mediterranean Diet Protects Against Diabetes, Regardless of Weight Loss

By Larry Husten

Even if it doesn't lead to weight loss, a Mediterranean diet could help prevent type 2 diabetes, according to a subanalysis of the PREDIMED study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Some 3500 adults without diabetes but at high cardiovascular risk were randomized to a Mediterranean diet supplemented by either extra-virgin olive oil or nuts or to a low-fat diet (control). Calorie restriction or increased physical activity was not advised.

After 4 years, diabetes had developed in 6.9% of the olive oil group, 7.4% of the nuts group, and 8.8% of controls. After multivariable adjustment, there was a significant, 40% reduction in diabetes risk in the olive oil group, but no such reduction in the nuts group. The differences in outcome appeared unrelated to weight loss.

The authors conclude that PREDIMED "provides strong evidence that long-term adherence to a Mediterranean diet supplemented with [olive oil] without energy restrictions ... results in a substantial reduction in the risk for type 2 diabetes among older persons with high cardiovascular risk."

Editor's note: Adapted with permission from CardioExchange.

Reader Comments (3)

Commander Other, Other

Many people who are overweight believe they cannot lose weight. Sometimes one might say it out loud, or hear friends say it about themselves. For other people this belief stays in the subconscious. But it is sure that it influences our behavior. Someone who believes it is impossible to lose weight will be constantly battling their own negativity when trying to diet. The mind will be constantly saying there is no point dieting, you cannot lose weight so you should just go ahead and eat everything one wants. Visualization is the strongest technique that we can use to overcome these negative thoughts and impulses.


Rafael CAREL MD Physician, Other, The University of Haifa

These articles should be available free of charge to all academic institutions

Nick Kremmydas MD PhD Physician, Radiology, Greece and Saudi Arabia

Not only the Mediterranean diet for all the positive health effects as reported in the medical literature
An important factor is that we the Mediterranean people, are not stressed for everything and not thinking purely technocratic without feeling as the other western countries.. . Despite economic difficulties coffee shops are full every day, where there are endless discussions about anything.... under always drinking wine, beer or raki and of course always smoking.... .
Besides health where we are living longer, also we survive more and as nationalities ... we've all Mediterranean peoples, Spaniards, Italians, Portuguese and of course Greeks, the longest and most glorious national cultures....

With humor I say that two weeks holiday every year in a Mediterranean island, add more one year in your life.......

......Something knew Hippocrates and started the Medicine here in the Mediterranean area...

Kind Regards

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