- Anthony S. Kim, MD
No difference was seen in 6-month outcomes after stroke rehabilitation training for family caregivers.
- Seemant Chaturvedi, MD
Age >60 carries increased risks for recurrent stroke and death.
Improved Survival with Multiple Antimicrobial Prophylaxis in Severely Immunosuppressed Patients Initiating ARTFree
- Salim S. Abdool Karim, MD, PhD
Chemoprophylaxis for tuberculosis, cryptococcal disease, pneumonia, and sepsis, added to antiretroviral therapy, led to lower mortality among this population in an open-label trial.
- Lucia Rivera Lara
A quantitative pupillary light reflex <13% at 48 hours had 100% specificity and positive predictive value for poor recovery (0% false-positive rate), regardless of whether patients underwent therapeutic hypothermia.
- Claire Wilcox, MD
By improving attention and perhaps even reversing neurocognitive deficits, it may help patients to more successfully complete their treatment for substance use disorder.
- Anne S. Tsao, MD
First-line nivolumab did not prolong progression-free survival in chemo-naive patients with stage IV or recurrent PD-L1–positive non–small-cell lung cancer.
- Douglas K. Rex, MD
Data support the concept that any colon segment with a score of 0 or 1 should trigger a repeat exam within 1 year.
- Barbara Geller, MD
A handful of sessions with either cognitive-behavioral or eye movement desensitization therapy produced excellent outcomes in participants aged 8 to 18 years.
- Deborah Lehman, MD
Misperception about risk of autism resulted in low vaccination rates and an ongoing measles outbreak.
- Louis M. Bell, MD
Implementation of four low-tech strategies by nurses at one pediatric intensive care unit was successful.
- Allison Bryant, MD, MPH
Women who received oral misoprostol delivered faster than those who received a Foley catheter for cervical ripening.
- Peter Roy-Byrne, MD
Aripiprazole augmentation improved remission more than switching to or augmenting with bupropion, but at the cost of more adverse effects.
- Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, MD, MS
Subdermal implants may lose efficacy when used concurrently with carbamazepine.
- Robert Dreicer, MD, MS, FACP, FASCO
Surgery did not significantly lower all-cause or prostate cancer mortality.
- Joel Yager, MD
A large, long-term epidemiological study suggests small-to-moderate causal effects, but some factors were not assessed.
- Douglas G. Adler, MD, FACG, AGAF, FASGE
Half of repeat esophagogastroduodenoscopies at Veterans Health Administration facilities represented overuse.
- Douglas K. Rex, MD
Cecal intubation was achieved more frequently and more quickly with the cap on versus off.
- F. Bruder Stapleton, MD
A structured learning collaborative involving more than 700 physicians in 180 practices increased the proportion of patients receiving optimal asthma care by more than 90%.
- Atif Zaman, MD, MPH
Small phase II studies show essentially 100% cure rates with a triple regimen of grazoprevir, ruzasvir, and uprifosbuvir.
- David J. Bjorkman, MD, MSPH (HSA), SM (Epid.)
Observational data show a weak association without evidence of causality.